martes, 7 de febrero de 2017


It looks some Christians say,
They deny obeying to one of the more difficult commandments



It’s so complicated to accept the enclose sexuality by biblical precept, that do not obey had been the stone of stumbling for many people. Even for some, it has cost relevant position in the service to Jesus Christ. Mark Connelly, as example, principal pastor in one Christian community of Gilbert, Phoenix, Arizona, he has to give up to his position even he finished the 2013 due his marital infidelity with sister in Christ. He doesn’t have more choice than resign after many leaders of his own church discovered him having extramarital sexual relationships.

Connelly did admit his sins and quit as a principal pastor on December 30th. After that he was confronted by his fault, also he was requested to leave the church. He is married with his wife Kay for 29 years and two sons: Lucas and Naomi. The ex principal pastor of the mission of the community church, he had to bear the big embarrassment after some members of the church found him cheating his wife and they asked him to quit The Daily Mail informed.

To the no Christian, the sexuality is “delicious”. If you have more sex it’s much better. The life flies so quick so there is necessity to get satisfaction before the spring comes to run dry. The philosopher Gianni Vattimo, quoting to the adultery, he says “The gospel never didn’t take care of if one of us go to bed whit this one or to another. The adultery? It has to see with historical institutions; it isn’t necessarily a divine order. “Vattimo it looks like he did not read, Matthew 19: 18 “not commit adultery”; Mark 10:19 “Do not commit adultery”; Luke 18:20 “do not commit adultery”. Including in some debates , some pornography people defend the right to fornicate when we want, even declaring that the sex is industry if it make accessible to all and so on, it is one more job that it must be rented. 

Do not fornicate

What part of this commandment is hard to understand?

Some days ago, I did meet with one foreign sister that carries many years living in Argentina. She is middle age, entrepreneur, separated without any divorce paper work; she is going to the Pentecostal church since many years. Workaholic, she has a good reputation in the society where she lives. The no Christian people know her as an honest and fighter woman. 

 Talking to her at the middle of the chat, she commented that “The Lord” has given to her one experience about so controversial theme as the sexuality. I was intrigued, more cautious; I don’t want to go deepen about what kind of experiences the Lord has gave to her. But it wasn’t necessary to ask. Later, she started to talk as if was as confession that due her rebellion, she was going out with a no Christian man who after several months, he dismissed her from his side and he didn’t want to see her again. (Her words have a bitter taste when she recalled the episode).

After, she enclosed, she had another affair with a no Christian man, till the end, the “Lord convinced her” that she must not to join to unequally yoked with the no Christians. In conclusion, she had had sex  with the husband before to separated him and with two more, in less than a year. Anything amazing by the way, when we know about people that had sex with any different person at least once per day as a maximum or per week as a minimum.

In the meantime the good woman talks, I was delivering occasionally comments. “That’s strong”, “thanks to God”, “It was good that she understood”, “I had and have the same fight”, “It happen to me the same” etc. The talk is seems to finish as one talk more that we use to have daily. However in the same moment she revealed one significant detail: She said that she is not willing to leave of having sex because she likes it and she needs it. I did Hit upon to stammering in silly way: - Well, the Bible says that the sex out of the marriages is……

She interrupted me asking: - Why one God of love invented the sex and then forbidden it?  Everybody needs sex, including you. And without giving me time to think about it, she added: - The sex is so good. God knows that we are in the flesh therefore, having sex twice or three times per week it is reasonable. I don’t think that the Lord sets objection. We can no go around with sex desire. God will understand the necessity. And you know that very well, because long time ago you do the same. (She reproached me with the past that every so often talks and condemn).

Can we negotiate the God’s commandment?

Many brothers think that the Christians live within one parliamentary democracy of which authorities were choice by popular voting. When the time arises, we can negotiate the divine commandments as we do with trade union in between, with our nations authorities. Nothing else wrong. 

We the Evangelic believe that we were bought by the price of bloodshed by Jesus Christ in the Calvary’s cross. We are servant of the Highest God. To obey is the rule. We live under the empire of one Theocracy. But be careful, this divine Theocracy has thought commandments for the humans that if we carry through, there’s no any violence neither injustice above the earth. So that to pretend of having sex without any consequence being Christians it isn’t acceptable to God.  If he said no, he ordered by any reason. We can’t go to the presence of the Father shouting: God, let me fornicate in peace!

I spent years trying to understand this point. I remembered the annoyance of my pastor Darrel Moran who tried to teach me in his poor Spanish ------ about the goodness of having the sexuality within the marriage and not out of it. But me, full of life and with the desire to enjoy the pleasure of the feminine flesh, I don’t even negotiate with God. I was straight to disobey.

Until I lived in my own flesh the consequences of my rebellions and with God’s piety and the Holy Spirit and who knows how may intersections by Jesus Christ our lawyer, I get to accept one morning that the Bible in this point, It has all the reason. We can’t fornicate with the God’s blessing out of the marriage.  

Having said that: If the readers want to fornicate, It is their decision. But the Bible does not support any sex relationship out of the marriage. It doesn’t mean, of course, we do what we can think are the best and many of you will decide to have sex whoever you want.  For sure, do not put the blame in God after all the consequences. He had been so clear:  Do not fornicate and Paul had said: Run away from fornication. What else do we need to convince us? Does God have to come in person to corroborate what the scripture says? Well, in some moment Jesus Christ will come with all his Glory.    

But I am so young and I want to have sex!

All right. The Bible says no and your flesh screams yes. We just can repeat what the Bible declare and demand us. Then, it is in your own in what to do or not to do. Each of us have a personal relationship with Jesus Christ and you just know in your privacy if you want to obey or not, if it is convenient or not, have sex with a woman and to enjoy for some moment.
To deal with the sexuality of the believer exhaust some pastors.

Few times ago, one pastor was honest with me. “Every time that someone talks to me about sex, I shiver. There’s no theme more complicated that talk about sexuality inside the parameters that God demand us. If I say no to everything I run the risk that I can be considered as misogynistic or any kind of monster that see the sex as no natural. I can either say yes to everything, because the Word of God is very clear in this matter, the true is that I rather prefer to avoid the subject”. 
Others, with the Bible in hand, faced the issue with determination and then they left to the Holy Spirit works in the believer’s hearts. But if the time goes and some of them continue transgressing in openly way without any desire of change anything? The church will tolerate the fornicate person when God doesn’t want to do it? Well, each pastor will know how to act since the bible advice and support it. Sometimes there’s no way that not be liked with the humans to be liked with God. Nobody say that will be easy to serve. But the scripture support the argument, that the one with problem is not the pastor or the brother who exhort but the one who denied obeying.

Now, you are trying of being saint

Nobody is prophet in his land. Surely many of you will be agree with that, convert, others remind you in sarcastic way your past. Of course, the life is not simple for anybody and all of us have something that work as shot to throw us once in a while. There’s neither tiger without lines nor leopard without spot, right?

This is known by the not believer and every so often, they recall you so clear in order to remember you the bad life that you lived. However, the Bible says so very clear: “The one who is in Christ is new creature born again and there’s no any damnation, to the one who is in Jesus Christ”.
What the Bible says about fornication?

Exodus 34:15
Lest thou make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land, and they go a whoring after their gods, and do sacrifice unto their gods, and one call thee, and thou eat of his sacrifice;

Leviticus 19:29
Do not prostitute thy daughter, to cause her to be a whore; lest the land fall to whoredom, and the land become full of wickedness.

Hoseas 4:10
For they shall eat, and not have enough: they shall commit whoredom, and shall not increase: because they have left off to take heed to the Lord.

1 Corinthians  5:9
 I wrote unto you in an epistle not to company with fornicators:

1 Corinthians  5:11
But now I have written unto you not to keep company, if any man that is called a brother be a fornicator, or covetous, or an idolator, or a railer, or a drunkard, or an extortioner; with such an one no not to eat.

1 Corinthians 6:9
Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind,

Hebrews 12:16
Lest there be any fornicator, or profane person, as Esau, who for one morsel of meat sold his birthright. ( It is very clear that God doesn’t have tact about fornication. Why does God ask us to abstain of something that give us so pleasure? Paul says that, all the sins are made out of the body, but the fornication affects the body of the human being the one for the believer is the temple of the Holy Spirit).

To end, I am going to close with a summary’s written of one blog woman called MeliR it says:
“The sex is a gift from God to give mutual joy to the marriage. It’s in the Bible, Proverbs 5:18,
Let thy fountain be blessed: and rejoice with the wife of thy youth.”

The romance and the divine gift of the sexuality are highest recommended within the marriage. It is in the Bible, Hebrews 13:4, “Marriage is honourable in all, and the bed undefiled: but whoremongers and adulterers God will judge”.

God designated the sex as a part of the matrimonial relationship. It is in the Bible 1 Corinthians 7:5, “Defraud ye not one the other, except it be with consent for a time, that ye may give yourselves to fasting and prayer; and come together again, that Satan tempt you not for your incontinency.”

To not hurting each other, the sexual desires and activities must be put under Jesus Christ’s control. It is in the Bible 1 Thessalonians 4:3-5, “For this is the will of God, even your sanctification, that ye should abstain from fornication: That every one of you should know how to possess his vessel in sanctification and honour; Not in the lust of concupiscence, even as the Gentiles which know not God”.

The seventh commandment forbids the adultery. It is in the Bible, Exodus 20:14 “Thou shalt not commit adultery.”

The sexual sin is destructive, even when the effects don’t appear immediately. It is in the Bible, 1 Corinthians 6:18 “Flee fornication. Every sin that a man doeth is without the body; but he that committeth fornication sinneth against his own body.”

How do start the sexual sin? It is in the Bible, Matthew 5: 28, “But I say unto you, That whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her hath committed adultery with her already in his heart.”

The Bible is clear in the ordinance of not fornicate. It is a serious error, as much as, is at the same level of not kill, not steal, etc… So that the Christians cannot make up excuses to justify earlier sex or out of the marriage. Even so, each Christian has the right to decide which sexuality is convenient even if the Christian decide go the wrong way about what the Scriptures say.

To the people who don’t believe, the sex is the best thing invented by the nature therefore, the person who left the joy by being obedient to a God that we cannot see and in which existence it is impossible to show. They suffer mental problems due the excessive mysticism. 

domingo, 5 de febrero de 2017


 21 dones que Dios regaló a su iglesia


Marc Pesaresi


Según la Biblia, el don es un regalo de parte de Dios, una capacidad para realizar algún trabajo. El talento por el contrario, es la inteligencia detrás del don. Don y Talento se encuentran estrechamente unidos, en toda tarea que se realice para la el Cuerpo de Cristo, su iglesia. “Toda buena dádiva y todo don perfecto desciende de lo alto, del padre de las luces” (Santiago 1:17). Dios se los entrega a sus hijos y así se convierten en dones de gracia o carismas.

Recuerde  el lector: no es lo mismo don que talento. Todas las personas poseen talentos pero no todas dones espirituales. Existen talentos para la música, los idiomas, la escritura, deportes, etc., que nos permiten desenvolvernos en la vida diaria dentro de la sociedad en que vivimos. Lo dones, mientras tanto, se relacionan con el ministerio de la iglesia de Jesucristo. Varios dones están relacionados y muchas veces se complementan.

Una lista de todos ellos, con una breve explicación,  a continuación:

Palabra de Sabiduría
Capacita para ofrecer palabras adecuadas en algún tipo de necesidad. Por tal razón, se relaciona con el conocimiento. Cuanto más sepa una persona, más capacidad para hablar con palabras de sabiduría. En este caso, el conocimiento facilita tomar decisiones correctas para beneficio personal y de la iglesia.

Palabra de Ciencia
Se relaciona con el estudio en profundidad la Palabra de Dios. Es la capacidad de aprender rápido para luego compartirlo con la iglesia.

Implica una confianza absoluta, sin dudas, en que Dios puede realizar todos los trabajos o emprendimientos que otros consideran imposibles. La persona con el don de la fe posee el convencimiento que Dios escucha la oración y se interesa en resolver cualquier problema o dificultad.

Hacer milagros
El milagro es un hecho extraordinario. Una ruptura en el orden establecido en la naturaleza por Dios. El que tiene el don de hacer milagros, posee la capacidad de hacer obrar el poder de Dios para facilitar objetivos que para otros son imposibles. Sin embargo, quien posee este don debe saber que no siempre podrá hacer milagros ya que estos se producen según la voluntad de Dios. 

Diversos géneros de lenguas
Tiene que ver con la capacidad de orar en lenguas angelicales o bien, otros idiomas.  Sirve como edificación personal.  Los sonidos de quien habla en lengua, no tiene ningún valor para el que no posee el don. 

Interpretación de lenguas
Este don equilibra al que habla en lenguas. Su función es interpretar que es lo que dice quien habla en lenguas. Este don es importante porque tiene la función de tranquilizar a quienes no hablan en lenguas. De lo contrario, si nadie interpreta, la facultad de hablar en lenguas podría llegarse a interpretar como algo diabólico ya que el enemigo de Dios también inspira lenguajes extraños. 

El profeta es “uno que va enviado de parte de Dios para transmitir un mensaje”. No se trata de alguien que llega y te “adivina” el futuro. El don de Profecía sirve para dar a conocer un mensaje directo de parte de Dios. Ahora bien: todo lo que Dios desea comunicarnos ya se encuentra escrito en la Biblia. Por lo tanto, el don de Profecía no debe ser utilizado como un acto de adivinar la suerte o el futuro de nadie. 

Discernimientos de Espíritus
Don de protección. Quién lo posee, está atento a la llegada de doctrinas extrañas o detecta, antes de que el mal haga su obra, divisiones peligrosas dentro de la iglesia. Cuidado: el que posee este don, JAMÁS debe utilizarlo para manipular a los demás. El don funciona como una variedad de radar que detecta doctrinas perniciosas, divisiones, herejías, etc., y luego se lo comunica a las autoridades de la iglesia quienes, luego de evaluar la situación, serán las encargadas de tomar medidas en el asunto. El que posee el don de discernir no se mete a solucionar problemas, no anda en chismeríos tampoco manipula voluntades. Simplemente detecta e informa donde se necesita atención pastoral.

En idioma original en que fueron escritos las epístolas, griego koiné, la palabra quiere decir “uno que ha sido enviado”. Es el don del misionero, del que va a un lugar a otro predicando la palabra. Un misionero es un apóstol. Todo aquel que viaja de un lugar a otro es un apóstol, alguien que va a donde Dios lo mande para predicar la Palabra.

Capacidad para enseñar la Palabra y las cosas de Dios. El que lo posee es un estudioso de las Escrituras y a la vez, enseña a los demás. Es uno de los dones más frecuentes en las congregaciones. Este es un don interesante. ¿Cómo enseña un maestro la Palabra de Dios? Puede hacerlo simplemente hablando pero también, guiando estudios bíblicos, orientando sobre literatura específica y diversos ritmos de melodías. La música es importante a la hora de enseñar la Palabra de Dios. Cada himno, cada canción o coros que componemos o cantamos, predispone nuestras mentes y corazones a una más íntima comunión con el Señor. Después de todo, somos seres creados para componer, interpretar y oír música. 

Es el don más solidario de la iglesia. ¿Se queja el lector que en la iglesia hay pocos ayudadores? Bien, ore para que Dios derrame el don de la ayuda. ¿Sabía que ayudar no es para cualquiera? El que posee el don de ayudar, es un pilar de la iglesia porque sin solidaridad, sin ayuda, ningún otro don podría ser posible. ¿Cómo es eso? Cuando una iglesia se forma, todos colaboran pero existe un tipo de ayuda superior que solo la puede proporcionar quien posee el don. Alimentar a los pobres, sostener al que está sin trabajo, al enfermo, etc., requiere un don especial. El de ayudar una y otra vez sin agotarse, sin queja, siempre agradeciendo.  Este don es  casi invisible pero sin él, pocas cosas podrían hacerse.  Está íntimamente relacionado con el don de Repartir.

No cualquiera administra. Se requiere ayuda especial de Dios para administrar fondos que no son propios y lograr que ese dinero no solo beneficie a la iglesia en su totalidad sino a toda la obra. Quien administra tiene una gran responsabilidad. El dinero es tentador y puede inducir corrupción. En este caso, todo el cuerpo de Cristo debe estar atento para ayudar al administrador a cuidar los fondos que se recaudan.

Se relaciona con la Ayuda y el Reparto. Servir es una vocación. Quién tiene este don, lo utiliza para servir en todo lo que pueda en la realización de las obras del Señor. 

Importante don que no debe ser confundido con dar órdenes. Fortalece, anima, desafía, ayuda a otros en el proceso de maduración en la vida cristiana, en el abandono de las viejas costumbres. No es un don para regañar, retar, ofender, sino para aconsejar con mansedumbre en el Espíritu y con la Biblia en la mano.

Es quien reparte equitativo todo lo que se puede conseguir en la Iglesia para la obra. Suple las necesidades de las personas dentro o fuera de la congregación. Ayuda voluntariamente a los pobres, a los enfermos, a los que se enfrentan a problemas económicos. Todo esto, sin necesidad de publicidad.

Da fuerza para visitar hospitales, prisiones, campos de refugiados; da valor para visitar leproserías, lugares donde mucha gente está en sufrimientos muy grandes. La misericordia es un don que está en la mayoría de los cristianos pero solo algunos dejan que el don fluya libremente y colabore en edificar la Iglesia. Quiero recordar que a veces un acto de misericordia convierte más gente que cualquier  prédica erudita o pentecostal.

Se relaciona con el don de Apóstol. Es la capacidad para compartir el evangelio de una manera sencilla para que otros entiendan. Todo cristiano debe ser evangelista. De modo que este don es el que más ha sido distribuido entre los fieles.

Capacita a ciertas personas para sanar, mediante oraciones fervorosas, a los enfermos de la iglesia.

Capacita para guiar a las comunidades de cristianos. Ayuda a pastorear las congregaciones con resiliencia y madurez. Es un don que se entrega a pocos cristianos ya que requiere de gran sabiduría para poder lidiar con innumerables problemas.

Es el don para dirigir grandes obras, actividades y proyectos. 

El don de soportar el deseo sexual durante un tiempo o bien, por tiempo indefinido.

¿Están vigentes todos los dones hoy en día?

Pertenezco a una denominación cuya línea teológica no acepta que todos los dones esten vigentes. La iglesia donde yo nací de nuevo en Cristo no es pentecostal, tampoco carismática ni liberal. Es de teología tradicional y conservadora evangélica. En sus aulas de escuela dominical, se enseña que los dones de apóstol, profecía, milagros y glosolalia ya no están vigentes. ¿Qué creo yo?

Mis pastores me explicaron, ya hace muchos años, que estos dones fueron necesarios en la iglesia primitiva porque la Biblia no estuvo completa por más de 300 años y para realizar el ministerio con eficacia, se requería del uso de dones especiales. Aún así, me advirtieron, desde un comienzo hubo divisiones y pendencias teológicas, herejías y grandes discusiones entre  los doctos, discordia que ni el uso de dones extraordinarios pudo evitar.

Mis pastores me dijeron, además, que los pentecostales ven milagros "en todas partes" ya que confunden los resultados de los dones de misericordia y sanidad. El milagro es una ruptura importante en el orden establecido por Dios en el universo. El milagro es un prodigio, algo portentoso que no sucede todos los días y me ejemplificaron: ¿Has visto un manco al que se le devuelva la mano completa? ¿Has visto a un ciego de nacimiento recuperar la vista? ¿Has visto a los enanos crecer? ¿ Has visto que un avión que cae del cielo, ser detenido en su caída, gracias a la capacidad de hacer milagros de algún creyente?

Los milagros son hechos extraordinarios para los cuales no hay explicación alguna. Esto no quiere decir, se me dijo, que Dios no haga milagros. Si él quiere, puede hacerlos las veces que desee. Pero no al estilo pentecostal y carismático donde el milagro deja de ser un hecho portentoso de parte de Dios para convertirse en un acto habitual.

Lo que se ve en las iglesias pentecostales y carismáticas, se me dijo, son sanidades emocionales y físicas. Estos beneficios, por causa del analfabetismo teológico, son tomadas por milagros, pero en realidad no lo son. ¿Qué puedo decir a todo esto?

Luche por años con esta controversia instalada en mi mente y mi corazón. Hasta que un día leí Romanos 11:29 y tuve por fin, paz. Allí dice: " Porque irrevocables son los dones y el llamamiento de Dios".  En este pasaje, Pablo refiere al pueblo de Israel. ¿Qué haría Dios con ellos ahora que han rechazado al Mesías? era la pregunta de muchos.

Pablo responde que este "endurecimiento" era temporal;  que finalizaría cuando hubiera entrado, al Reino de Dios, el último de los gentiles. Esta dureza de corazón de parte de muchos hebreos, los posicionó como enemigos del evangelio; pero esto no significa -según Pablo- que Jehová los olvide para siempre. Al contrario, fue necesario que se endurecieran muchos de ellos, para que Dios pudiera alcanzar a los gentiles y luego a ellos les llegaría su porción de bendiciones.

Bien, recuerdo haber pensado. Si los dones son irrevocables, de ninguna manera los dones carismáticos han cesado. Quizás, me dije a mi mismo, Dios utiliza unos dones más que otros según los tiempos y por eso da la impresión que no están vigentes o bien muy disminuídos.

Yo no he visto milagros al estilo de los realizados por Moisés, Cristo o Pedro y Pablo pero si he observado muchas sanidades en los servicios religiosos pentecostales y no pentecostales. También y justo es decirlo, he visto muchísima manipulación emocional, sobre todo entre las masas poco educadas en lo teológico a quienes se le hace creer que cualquier cosa es posible en las campañas de milagros y también, he visto a personas devastadas por promesas de milagros que nunca se cumplieron.

En síntesis: La mejor respuesta a este asunto que encontré, fue la que una vez expresó Paulo Arieu, un protestante que reside en Tampa. Él dijo que Dios no trata con todos del mismo modo. Por ejemplo, permitió a Pablo sanar pero no sanarse a sí mismo del aguijón y no fue el mismo trato que tuvo con él, que con Pedro o con Juan. Con cada uno de nosotros tiene un trato específico y es ahí, donde entra el asunto de los dones. Dios tiene un plan de salvación para todos pero dentro de ese plan, el trato que le da a cada persona, varía según los dones y talentos de cada uno. Como no a todos les da el mismo don, es difícil saber si están o no vigentes. Sin duda, dado que la Palabra de Dios dice que los dones son irrevocables, estos siguen vigentes pero se activan o disminuyen -no cesan- según los tiempos.

En esta dispensación de la gracia, los dones comenzaron con fuerza dado que la Biblia aún no estaba totalmente escrita más luego, al irse completando, fueron apaciguándose. Sin embargo, que estén disminuídos en su función, no da garantías que hayan cesado por completo como aseguran los Cesacionistas. Es posible que a futuro sean activados o no. Solo Dios lo sabe.  Creo que cada pastor deberá medir lo que dice, obra y promete, en su vida ministerial sin dejar de recordar que, quien más sirve, más tendrá que rendir cuenta a Dios por sus palabras y actos.


Credito fotográfico: Marc Pesaresi.

Bibliografía consultada: Sánchez, Carlos Guillermo: "Señor, usaré los dones que me diste"; Serie "Soy jóven ¿Y ahora qué hago?"; Casa Bautista de Publicaciones; El Paso; Texas; EEUU; 1988.

sábado, 4 de febrero de 2017


Marc Pesaresi

Carolina Alfaro

(In Spanish click HERE

The dispensation is a Christian theological system that affirms that God has used different ways of administration of his will and his grace in different periods of the human being history.

The distinctive of the dispensation is the doctrine that Israel as nation and the church as body of Christ do not form a unique God’s people, but two nations with prophecies, promises and different destiny until the arrival of the millennial kingdom when everything will be one in Christ. According with this way to think, there are seven dispensations. 

Dispensation of the innocence:
At the Eden, Adam and Eve should obey the divine command do not eat from the prohibited tree, with this they will be ensure to be innocent of sin. Both of them failed. 

Dispensation of the conscience:
Since the fall until Noah, the human being had the possibility to control their decisions in free way according what their conscience pointed out. They failed in this, since the design of their hearts was constantly straight to the bad, instead of reaching for God.  

Dispensation of the human being government:
From Noah to Abraham, since the personal conscience it was not an adequate guide to the human being, it was entrust to the government to manage justice and moral. 

Dispensation of the promise:
To fail the governments in his mission, God did choose to Abraham to be the Father of the Faith and He did promise to him that all the nations of the earth will be blessed because of him. 
Dispensation of the law
From Moses to Jesus, the human being can be close to God just through complying with the Mosaic Law. This it was given to its perfect condition, it was impossible to comply; it was revealed on that the sin and curse of itself. 

Dispensation of the Grace:
Only recognizing our inability to obtain something good (Conscience of sin) we can recognize that Jesus is the only mediator between God and the human being. “Because there’s no another name under heaven in whom we can be save”.

Dispensation of the Millennial Kingdom:
At the end of the time it will arise one period of 1000 years in which Jesus will reign in the earth. It will be a period of glory without precedent. To finish that time, Satan will be free with the goal to test by last time. According the dispensation people, the God’s enemy will try to destroy the human being with the help of the wicked that will resurrect by the Final Trial; however their intention will be vain. After this period the time will be end and it will emerge a new land and new heaven, since all that we know will be destroy by fire. 

The dispensation people understand the Bible about the base of the literal Bible. It will be noted that the word “Dispensation”, come from the latin “dispensare” (distribute), it translate to Greek  languages: “diakonia” or service (2 Corinthians 3:7-9) and “oikonomia”, manage, commission, order (1 Corinthinas 9:17, Ephesians 1:10; 3:9; Col. 1:25). In the protestant theological it refers to the way that God interact with the human being during certain time established.

Brief history about Dispensation
Antique Dispensation do not systematized

Justino Martir (110 – 165) maintains one concept about the different programs of God. In the Dialogue with Trypho talks certainly, about 4 dispensations. According Larry V. Crutchfield Justino believed in four phases of the human being in God’s program. The first one was from Adam to Abraham, and the second one was from Abraham to Moses, and the third one was from Moses to Christ, and the fourth was from Christ to the eternity. 

Ireneo (130- 200) giving reasons about why there was no more than four Gospels, said: “One of them is as follow: “and the Gospel is in four, as well is the course follow by the Lord. For this reason four main pacts were given to the human being: one, before the Flood, under Adam; the second, after the Flood, under Noah; the third, from the law, under Moses; the fourth, that is the one that restore the human being, and it covers all the things by itself by the Gospel, raising and taking the human being in his wings to the heavenly Kingdom”.

Teruliano (160- 220); Metodio (-311); Victorino de Petau (-304) y Clemente de Alejandría (150-220) they also talked about dispensation and they made three different patriarchal dispensations Agustín (354-430 He also shows those same early concepts of the dispensation on his writing. Even though his frequently declaration said. “Discern the time, and the Scripture will be in harmony with itself “, it is not applicable in its context to de dispensation ideas, in another part he makes declarations that they are applicable. 

 “The divine institution of the sacrifice was suitable to the antique dispensation, but not today because the convenient change of the present age has been introduced by God, Who knows infinitely much better that the human being what is appropriate for each age, and what is, either that add or remove, cancel or prohibit, increase or decrease, the unchangeable creator of the changeable things,  ordering all the events in His ruling until the end of the course of the time, whose component parts are the dispensation adapted to the consecutive age, it will be accomplished, as the big melody of any wise ineffable master of  singing, and it will pass to the immediate eternal gaze of God, to whom we are here, although it is faith time and not by seeing, we worship acceptability. 
Agustín maintain a model of seven ages (dispensation). The first five stages were matched to the history of the Old Testament and they were demarcated by Adam, Noah, Abraham, David and the exiled. The two dispensation of the New Testament, according Agustín and almost all the people of the Dispensation, it was the age of the church and the Millennial Kingdom, the “Saturday rest” of the saint on earth (See Agustín, Sermon 259,2 and also “Revelation and Redemption at the early Christianity” (Vigiliae Christianae 45 (1991)).

Dispensionalism  pre Darby

Pierre Poiret (1646-1719); French Philosopher ;in his work L’OEconomie Divine that it was published by first time at Amsterdam in 1687 and it was translated later to the English and it was knew in London in six volumes; in 1713 ; dedicated each volume to each economy or dispensation in particular. Let see:

Economy (dispensation) of the Childhood that last, since the creation until the Flood. 

Economy of the Childhood, from the Flood until Moses. 

Economy of the Adolescence from Moses to Solomon

Economy of the Youth, that last from Solomon until Advent 

Economy of the Maturity that it will last “something else from this time”.

Economy of the Old Age that it is the time of the fall of the human being. 

Economy of the Renewal of all the things: the Millennium.       

Ehlert stated the following about the work of Poiret: “There’s no doubt that here we have a real design of dispensation”. The author use the phrase “Period of dispensation”, and his seventh dispensation is a literal millennium of the thousand years with Christ that he will come back and he will be ruling bodily over the earth, with his Saint, and Israel gathered up and converted. This schatological work is earlier than Darby.
John Edwards (1639-1716) published in 1699 two volumes, a total of 790 pages, with the title of A complete history or outlook of all the dispensations. He did believe in one millennium. Its dispensation structural was the following:

Dispensation of the Innocence and Happiness begins with Adam created in Justice. 

Dispensation of the Sin and the Misery. Adam falls down in sin. 

Dispensation of the Reconciliation: Adam restored from the Redemption in Christ.

Isaac Watts (1674-1748), meanwhile, in one essay of forty pages with the tile of “The harmony of all the religions that God prescribed to the human being and all his dispensations with them”. He described his concept of all the dispensations y he presented his system. The definition is the following:

“The public dispensations of God for the human being, they are those wise and saint constitutions of his will and his government, revealed and exhibited  somehow  in different consecutive periods or ages of the world, in which contain the responsibilities of what He expect  from human being, and the blessing that he promises, or He encourage to wait in Him, here and beyond; together with the sins that He forbid and the punishment that he promised inflict to the sinners, or the dispensations of God can be described shortly, as the moral rules ordered by God and his treatment with the human being, considering the human being as responsible before Him for his behavior”.

His sketch of dispensation is the following:

The dispensation of the Innocence, or the religion of Adam at the beginning.

The dispensation of Adam from the grace pact, or the religion of Adam after the fall.

The dispensation from Noah, or the religion of Noah. 

The dispensation of Abraham, or the religion of Abraham.

The mosaic dispensation, or the religion of Judah

The Chistianity dispensation.

Systematized Dispensation

John Nelson Darby

Darby served in formal way in the Irish Church until he found the work of Irving whose reading produced in him an important theological impact. Darby is recognized in the theological world as the father of the Dispensation, this teaching was popular in United Stated of America by Cyrus Scofield in his “The Scofield Reference Bible”. Toward 1830 he found an interdenominational Christian group that they congregated to share the bread – the equivalent to take the host in the Catholism – as they way it is ordered by Christ. He sympathized with the ideas and attitudes of this person and he adhered to this meetings. 

In 1833, this group has grown up so much and its member started to identify as Christian assembly. As they traveled and they found new communities in Ireland and England, they found the movement known as Brothers of Plymouth. Taking the decision of being separate completely of all catholic influence and Anglican, They formed a church with evangelical trends. ( In Argentine, the Brothers Free).

Likewise, he was responsible for proclaiming the theory of “the mystery of the secret rapture”, according this Christ will suddenly grab from this world his bride, the church, before it will occur without warning the trial of the Tribulation. From here, he was considered wrongly as the “the father of the futurism”. (The author from this writing believes in the rapture but not in secret way).

The belief of the people from dispensionalism about the restoration of the Jewish and the establishment of the Israel reign, it puts them in a prominent place of the Christian Zionism; these groups of believers hold that “God can work in Israel once more”, they hold this belief in their interpretation of the prophecies of the New Testament. 

When he was in the Trinity University at Dublin (1819), Darby believed in base of interpreting the Scriptures, in one future restoration and salvation of Israel as nation. Based on his study of Isaiah 32, Darby concluded that Israel, in a future dispensation, it will enjoy the blessing of this world and they were different to the divine blessing lived by the church. In this way he saw evident distinction between Israel and the church. 

Darby also believe in one “imminent” rapture of the church that it is followed by the seventieth week of Daniel in which Israel will be once more the center of the stage in God’s plan. After this period, Darby believed that there was one millennial kingdom in which God would fulfill His unconditional promises to Israel. 

According to Paul Enns: “Darby proposed the outline of dispensionalism noticing that each dispensation classified to the human being under the title of any condition; the human being has certain responsibility before God. Darby also noticed that each dispensation will end in a failure”. According Darby, there is seven dispensations:

Paradisiacal Condition until the flood





The Spirit

The Millennium

By his own testimony, Darby says that his theological dispensation was formed completely in 1833. Darby started to preach his ideas with major strong according some writings since 1867. Later he began to travel to North America; his trips gave as result the “Biblical conference of Niagara falls”.

Cyrus Ingerson Scofield (1843-1921) one of the participating at the Niagara Falls conventions, he created a forum of the teacher of the convention of the Bible in 1909 and produced what it is known as the Scofield  Bible Reference . This work was famous in United States of America with his theological notes beside de scriptures. This Reference Bible became the greatest influence on the extension of dispensationalism.
The dispensionalism criticized and defended 

Mainly on behalf of Preterism, doctrine that teach that the prophecies already were accomplished and it will be necessary to wait the Advent, without tribulation and without millennium. In relation to that Ryrie says: “In reply to this accusation that the dispensionalism is recent and, so, suspicious, we had treated to show two things:

The dispensionalism concepts were taught by man who lived much earlier that Darby.

      We can wait that the dispensionalism, a system closely related to the eschatology, it wouldn’t be refined and systematized until current time because the eschatology was not a subject under discussion until then”. Ryrie with Apologetic tone presented his work titled “Dispensionalism today”, where he gives proof based on the history that the dispensionalism is not recent as theological subject. At the same time he replied to attacks ad hominem (to his person), intellectual, historic, and attacks that make fun of the doctrine. 

Ryrie follows his conclusion with regard to the historic point of the dispensionalism. The conclusion taken from the accusation of novelty by the adversaries of the dispensionalism, they are, so, unjustified. In all this discussion it is necessary to remember that the verdict of the history is not the final authority. Every doctrine, either antique or recent, at the end of the analysis has to be proved to the light of the Scripture. It is interesting to stand out, between the big adversaries of the dispensionalism; it appears a prominent figure among the Evangelical Christian as Charles Spurgeon. 

The Variations into the Dispensionalism

The previous people mentioned characterized the belief of those into the dispensionalism tradition. However, as Blaising writes, “the Dispensionalism has not being a static tradition”. He offered three ways of dispensionalism taught 

       The Classic Dispensionalism (ca. 1850 -1940s)

It refers to the point of view of the British and Americans dispensionalism between the writings of Darby and the Systematic Theological of eight volumes of Chafer. The interpretative notes of “The Scofield bible of Reference is frequently seen as the key of the representative classic tradition of dispensation. 

One important Characteristic of the classic dispensionalism is his dual idea of redemption. In this tradition God is seen as looking for two different purposes. One is related with heaven and another with the earth. “The heavenly mankind should be made by all the redeems of all the dispensations that will be resurrected from the death. While the earthly mankind is related with the people who had not died but who were preserved by God from the death, the heavenly mankind was made from all the save that had died, whose will be resurrected from death by God”. In this tradition it was a little emphasis from the social activity to political for the church.

      Dispensionalism inspected or Modified (ca.1950 – 1985)

This variety of dispensation abandons the eternal dual from heavenly and earthly people. They are structured in a different way with different role and responsibilities of dispensation, but the salvation that is received by everyone is the same. The distinction between Israel and the church, as anthropological different groups, will continue during the eternity. The dispensation people inspected usually reject the idea that there are two new pacts – one for Israel and another one for the church. They also see the church and to Israel living together during the period millennarium and eternal. 
The Progressive Dispensionalism (1986 – to present)

The title “progressive dispensionalism” it refers to the relation “progressive” from the consecutive dispensation one to another. Charles Ryrie noted that: ‘the adjective ‘progressive’ it refers to the central thesis that the pacts of Abraham, David and New they will be accomplished today (so as compliance in the Millennial kingdom”.

One of the differences between the progressive dispensionalism and the previous one, the progressive people do not see the church as anthropological category in the same class of terms as Israel, Gentile Nations, Jewish, and Gentile people. The church is not a separate race from mankind (in contrast with Jewish and Gentiles) and it is not a nation in opposition with Israel and the Gentile Nations. 

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